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Besides the Plenary and Sectoral Sessions, Poster Sessions were held. In these Sessions, divided into various categories such as Educational, Medical etc., each speaker presented their study in front of a poster they previously prepared, and were able to have free exchange with participants.

Program for Poster Sessions

List of Authors


Correlates of Work Adjustment among the Mentally Retarded
Hua-Kuo Ho (Chinese Taipei)

Seeking Independence
Yukiko Kobayashi (Japan)

The Significance of a Special Institute for Vocational Training
Ton Bergers (The Netherlands)

The Use of a Vocational Evaluation Laboratory as the Center for Training in Rehabilitation at the Masters Level
Chrisann Schiro-Geist, E.D. Broadbent (USA)

Equalization of Opportunities in Employment of People with Disabilities
Paul Thomaschewski (FRG)


Sense Consolidation by the Facilitation Ball
Yoriko Taniguchi (Japan)

Thinking about Playthings - For Children with Profound and Multiple Handicaps
Suzie J. Mitchell (UK)

The Influence of the Motor Stimulations on the Psychophysical Development of the Moderate Mentally Retarded Children
Ahmed Faiz Nammas (Libya)

Hearing Impaired Children in Primary Schools in Finland
Onerva M. Maki (Finland)

Developmental Rehabilitation and Social Integration of the Mentally Handicapped Infants and Children
V. Hari Prasad Thakur (India)

Recent Trends in Special Education in Tokyo
Marilyn P. Goldberg (USA)


A Small but Valuable Step toward Independent Living of the Disabled
Tsukasa Abe (Japan)

A Facility Providing Training for Independent Living
Yoshimichi Ogawa, Y.Fujimura, A. Tanaka, Y. Terada (Japan)

The Future of the Disabled in the United States
Rebecca Lindsay (USA)

Japanese Concept of Independent Living of the Seriously Physically Disabled
Akihiro Taniguchi (Japan)


A Family Program for Rehabilitation of Female Alcoholics
Keiko Nakamura, T.Takano, T.Iguchi (Japan)

Tokyo Metropolitan Comprehensive Mental Health Center of Central District
Tamao Hishiyama (Japan)

Activities and Organizations of Families of the Mentally Disabled in Japan
Takehisa Takizawa (Japan)

Community Life and Small Scaled Workshops for Disabled Persons in Japan
Katsunori Fujii (Japan)


Social Rehabilitation Half and Half - The Way through Recreational Therapy
Francisco Vano, M. Contreras (Spain)

The Present State of Social Rehabilitation in Traumatic Injury to the Brachial Plexus
Tetsuya Hara, Ho saeng Choi, K. Shiina, U. Nakaki, T. Suzuki (Japan)

Rehabilitation of Leprosy Patients in the Indian Context
Tungar Waman (India)

Prevention and Medical Treatment of Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Kurhaus
Michio Ohkido, T. Wakabayashi (Japan)

Barriers of Socio-Economic Integration of the Disabled People in the Developing Countries
Monsur Ahmed Choudhuri (Bangladesh)

The Effect of War on Rehabilitation Program
Munira W. Solh (Lebanon)

"Different but not Strange" Disability Education: The Next Rehabilitation Challenge
Emanuel Chigier (Israel)

The Environmental Advisory Service
Joseph Kwan (Hong Kong)

Accessible Bathrooms - With Particular Emphasis on Vinyl - Floored Wet Area Showers
Graham Booth (New Zealand)

Sexuality and Family Life Education for Vulnerable Adults with Developmental Disabilities
Elaine Theresa Jurkowski, L. Ring, A. Urquhart (Canada)

My Concept of a "Society of Friends of the Physically Handicapped"
Yoshio Akita (Japan)

Institutional Factors in the Netherlands for Improving Accessibility
Roy R. van Hek (The Netherlands)

Centers of Rehabilitation for Handicapped Children in Chile
Ana Maria M. Urrutia (Chile)


The Development of Occupational Therapy in the People's Republic of China
Christine K. Brassington (Australia)

Usefulness of Daily Low-Intensity Exercises to Maintain Bone and Joint Functions for the Active Life in the Elderly
Yasufumi Hayashi, S. Kusano, M. Niimi (Japan)

The Organization of Stroke Care in China
Wang Mao-Bin, Wang Li, Jia Zi-Shan (China)


Immunologic Rehabilitation of Patients with a Cerebral Infraction
TS. SH. Chkhikvishvili, YU. A. Malashkhia, R. SH. Lukava (USSR)

Integrated Care for Urinary Disturbance of Postapoplectic Patients
Haruumi Takehira, H. Sako, K. Kawahira, N. Tanaka (Japan)

Psychological Factors in the Management of Stroke Patients Affecting Independence in Daily Living
Anne M. Jobbins, C. R. Gillespie, E. D. Sever (UK)

Improvement of Visuospatial Perception by Occupational Therapy in Postapoplectic Patients
Nobuyuki Tanaka, K. Kawahira, T. Ono (Japan)

Malposition and Abnormal Configuration of the Patella in Cerebral Palsied Children
Tetsuto Sasaki, T. Takahashi, H. Yokozawa, E. Uchiyama (Japan)

Living Status and Cardiopulmonary Function of Persons with Severe Cerebral Palsy
Tomitaro Akiyama, H. Senjyu, M. Fujita, N. Matsusaka (Japan)

The Characteristics of Aging and Complications of the Handicapped
Ryoichi Hanakago, F. Isa, Y. Kihara, Yinhua Wang (Japan)

Disability Evaluation in Neurological Degenerations
Yukio Mano, T. Takayanagi (Japan)

The Useful Clinical Evaluation Score of Parkinson's Disease
Fuminori Segawa, M. Kinoshita, Y. Murakami (Japan)

Biofeedback Assisted Approach to Aged Subjects with Idiopathic Oral Dyskinesia
Iwao Saito (Japan)

Principles of Immune System Rehabilitation
R. I. Sepiashvili (USSR)

Rehabilitation Management - A Newer Approach through Interplay of White & Gray Matter
Rajul Vasa, N. Chhabria (India)

Rehabilitation of Neurologic and Immune Disturbances in Patients with Polyradiculoneuropathy
Yuri A. Malashkhia, V. YU. Malashkhia (USSR)

Changes in Upper Limb Mobility in Stroke Patients Following Neuromuscular Stimulation
Nobuko Shindo, T. Steiner, R. Jones (UK)

Functional Splinting for the Hemiplegic Shoulder
Paul van Lede (Belgium)

Disturbance and Restoration of the Respiratory Function in Hemiplegic Patients
Tetsuro Tashima, T. Ono, Y. Horikiri, K. Kawahira, N. Tanaka (Japan)

Quality of Life of Elderly Stroke Patients: Going Out
Keiko Nakamura, N. Tokura, R. Niki (Japan)

The Progression of Muscle Damage in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) - Quantitative Evaluation Using a Computerized Tomographic (CT) Scan
Meigen Liu, M. Takahashi, T. Ishihara, S. Yoshitake, T. Aoyagi, N. Chino (Japan)

Responses to Exercise Therapy in a Group of Patients with Duchenne Type Progressive Muscular Dystrophy
Kamuran Yucel, C. Aksoy, O. Sengir (Turkey)

Home Care of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Patients with Respiratory Failure
Tadayuki Ishihara, S. Gomi, M. Miyagawa, M. Liu, S. Yoshitake, T. Aoyagi (Japan)

The Spinal Movements Observed in Scoliosis Children
Seiki Kaneko, H. Yano (Japan)

A Study of the Location of the Line of Gravity in the Relaxed Standing Position
Takashi Harada, M. Motegi (Japan)

Muscular Atrophy and Strength in Medical Rehabilitation
Ryoichi Kanie (Japan)

Difference in Elbow Flexion Torque Measured Concentrically and Eccentrically Using an Isokinetic Dynamometer
Toshihiko Konishi, Y. Mano, T. Takayanagi (Japan)

Effects of Rehabilitation on Neurocognitive Function in Cerebrovascular Disorder - Its Evaluation by Studying P300 -
Mikio Osawa, S. Yamori (Japan)

Rehabilitation of the Paralyzed Shoulder
Takao Iwasaki, Y. Higuchi, N. Takagishi (Japan)

Social Survey of Discharged Patients of Spinal Cord Injury
Tetsuko Okuno, A. Inoue (Japan)

Oriental Medicine in Rehabilitation
Eymard S.I.C. (India)

Rehabilitation for Respiratory Failure
Toshihiko Haga, K. Machida, Y. Kawabe, N. Nagayama, Y. Ohtsuka (Japan)

A Novel Glucose Sensing Device Developed for Diabetic Retinitis Patients
Shigeru Yamauchi, N. Teshima, M. Yaoita, Y. Hatsuyama, T. Hasegawa, Y. Moriyama (Japan)

Easing of Restrictions Against Color Defective People and a Countermeasure of Aid to Color Defective People
Yasuyo Takayanagi, Y. Nagaya & Other Members (Japan)

Patient Management Problems: Use in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Education of Medical Students
Martin Grabois (USA)


A Psychotherapeutic Approach to Severe Multiple Handicapped Children with Visual Disturbance
Akemi Egi, S. Shimabukuro, K. Kodama (Japan)

Application of Voluntary Motor Action ("DOSA") Training in Handicapped Dentistry
Eiko Takayama (Japan)

Rehabilitation of Personality in Sports Champions
R. M. Zagainov (USSR)

An Attempt of Sensory Integration at a Care-Home for Multiple Disabled
Yoshio Hamada, T. Ishikura, S. Matsumoto, F. Yamamoto, Y. Osada, C. Amano, S. Furukawa, J. Leveille, M. Abe, K. Zaima (Japan)

Temperament of Preschool Age Visually Handicapped and Sighted Children: A Comparison
TEJ Bahadur Singh (India)


Rehabilitation Engineering Activities in Singapore
J. C. H. Goh, K. Bose (Singapore)

Application of Seating System to Bed-Ridden Severely and Profoundly Handicapped Children
Shunsaku Tada, Y. Jyosaki, T. Kubota, H. Matsueda, H. Arizono (Japan)

Overseas Marketing of Wheelchairs between Japan and the United States
Paul D. Andrew (Japan)

Development of a Newly Conceived Foot-Driven Wheelchair and Its Clinical Application
Hiroaki Ochiai, T. Takahashi, T. Sasaki, S. Nishimura, T. Hatta (Japan)

Binaural Hearing Aid for Developing Countries
Ole Bentzen (Denmark)

Application of a Microcomputer Technology to the Monitoring of Activity in Daily Life
Masaaki Makikawa, Y. Takenaka, K. Schichikawa, T. Hasegawa, H. Horio (Japan)

Technological Progress in Rehabilitation of Locomotion of Paretic Patients Using Electrical Stimulators
Ruza Acimovic-Janezic, N. Gros, B. Pangrsic, M. Kljajic, U. Stanic, J. Rozman, M. Malezic, J. Stefan (Yugoslavia)

A Knowledge-Based Gait Analysis Supporting System (GAITS)
Koji Ito, T. Kitada, Y. Kurose, Y. Umeno (Japan)

Singapore Cane Leg
K. Widjaja Laksmi, P. Balasubramaniam, K. G. Ho (Singapore)

Permanent Artificial Limbs with Hydroxyapatite Ceramics Interface
Hideo Yano (Japan)


The Practice of Day-Care Welfare Facility for Profoundly Handicapped Persons
Hironobu Sashika, M. Hiura (Japan)

Community-Based Rehabilitation in Remote Islands
Satoshi Fujino (Japan)

From Institutional Care to Community-Based Rehabilitation
Desta Asfaw (Ethiopia)

When There is Nothing, Where Do You Start?
A. I. Ogilvie (Pakistan)

A Prospective Model of Urban Community-Based Rehabilitation in China ... CBR in Jin Hua Street, Guangzhou
Dahong Zhuo (China)

Community-Participating Community-Based Rehabilitation: A Malaysian Experience
Zaliha Omar, Ranjit Kaur (Malaysia)

International Cooperation between Japan and Philippines in the Field of Rehabilitation for Handicapped Children (No.1)
Masakazu Fukushima, M. Kamegaya, M. Kawamura, J. O. Flordelis (Japan)

Community-Based Rehabilitation of Disabled Children by "Health for One Million" Programme
Lawrence Mar Ephrem and Eymard (India)

Duties of the Rehabilitation Center for Disabled Children in the Community
Yukio Shichinohe (Japan)

Approach from the Specialized Institute for the Severely Handicapped Children who Stay at Home and Need Intensive Daily Care
Hajime Tomosada, I. Takemura (Japan)

Activities of Community Based Rehabilitation in Lagos, Nigeria - The Challenges Ahead
M. O. Ogungbesan (Nigeria)

Community Based Rehabilitation - The Malawian Experience
Ronald J. Mbekeani (Malawi)


Rehabilitation Services in the Context of the Workmen's Compensation Act in Zambia
A. S. Kalaba, G. S. Chimanga (Zambia)

Rehabilitation for Disabled Children and Young People in Sweden
Helene Wahlgren (Sweden)

Perspectives of Modifying the 1980 Law for the Welfare of the Handicapped in Chinese Taipei
Wu-Tien Wu (Chinese Taipei)

Socio Legal Provisions for the Physically Handicapped in India - A Review
Tungar Waman (India)

Structure and Tasks of Rehabilitation in GDR
Werner Schunk (GDR)


Special Needs Populations: Mentally Retarded Children and Adults
* Medical Services
Chairpersons: Dr. Masaaki Arima Vice Director, Musashi Hospital (Japan)
Dr. Yasuhiro Egusa President, Aigo Kyokai (Japan)
* Educational Services
Chairpersons: Prof. Kaoru Yamaguchi Tokyo Gakugei University (Japan)
Prof. Peter Mittler Manchester University (UK)
* Social Welfare Services
Chairpersons: Mr. Tadashi Senoo Vice President, Aigo Kyokai (Japan)
Mr. Ong Pin Sam Ex-President, AFMR (Singapore)
* Vocational Rehabilitation Services
Chairperson: Prof. Katsuhiro Matsuya Assistant Professor, Tokyo Gakugei University (Japan)
Third General Assembly of the Asian Confederation for Physical Therapy
* Keynote Lecture by the President of ACPT
Chairperson: Dr. Kim Yong Joo Director, Rehabilitation Institute Ushin Medical Foundation (Korea)
Lecturer: Prof. Satoshi Matsumura Tokyo Metropolitan College of Allied Medical Sciences (Japan)
* Cerebral Palsy
Chairpersons: Mr. Tadao Imagawa Minami Osaka Ryoikuen (Japan)
Mr. Masamichi Furusawa Bobath Hospital (Japan)
* Cybex and Others
Chairpersons: Mr. Jun Tanioka Director of Physical Therapy Section, Jichi Medical School Hospital (Japan)
Prof. Toshihiro Morinaga School of Allied Medical Profession, Kyoto University (Japan)
* Kinematics
Chairpersons: Prof. Isao Nara School of Allied Medical Sciences, Kanagawa University (Japan)
Mr. Jiro Ito Chief of Physical Therapy Section, Toritsu Bokutou Hospital (Japan)
* Movement - Physology
Chairpersons: Mr. Takehisa Matsuse Chief of Physical Therapy Section, Kitasato University Hospital (Japan)
Prof: Takayuki Fujiwara School of Allied Medical Professions, Shinshu University (Japan)
* Ataxia
Chairpersons: Ms. Kyoko Watanabe Choef of Physical Therapy Section, Kameda General Hospital (Japan)
Ms. Mieko Tamura Director of Physical Therapy, Tokyo National Chest Hospital School of Rehabilitation (Japan)
* Others
Chairpersons: Ms. Junko Taguchi Director of Physical Therapy Section, Nanasawa Rehabilitation Hospital (Japan)
Mr. Masao Tomita Chief of Physical Therapy Section, Nanasawa Rehabilitation Hospital (Japan)
* Community-Investigation
Chairpersons: Prof. Shinpachiro Ogiwara School of Allied Medical Sciences, Kanazawa University (Japan)
Prof. Hiroyoshi Ehara Associated Professor, Tokyo Metropolitan College of Allied Medical Sciences (Japan)
* Panel Discussion
Chairperson: Dr. Paul Andrew Bobath Hospital (Japan)
International Conference of Occupational Therapy - Realistic Approaches for the Development of Occupational Therapy Professions - Particularly in the Asia-Pacific Region
* Keynote Addresses
Chairpersons: Mr. Tsuyoshi Sato School of Allied Health Professions, Sapporo Medical College (Japan)
Ms. Noriko Tomioka School of Allied Health Professions, Shinshu University (Japan)
* Research Presentations
Chairpersons Ms. F.O. Osikoya National Orthopaedic Hospital (Nigeria)
Ms. Nobuko Kimura School of Allied Medical Professions, Kyoto University (Japan)
* Symposium
Chairpersons Ms. Maria Schwarz Vice President, WFOT (Switzerland)
Ms. Reiko Yatani President, Japan OT Association (Japan)
Workshop on Disabled Children: Survival and Development
Chairperson: Dr. Vulimiri Ramalingaswami Special Advisor to the Executive Director (UNICEF)
Co-chairperson: Mrs. Gulbadan Habibi Programme Officer, RI/UNICEF Programme of Technical Support
Workshop on Leisure, Recreation and Sports
Chairperson: Mr. Finn Christensen Chairman, RI Commission on Leisure, Recreation and Sports (Denmark)
Workshop on Social Security Disability Benefits
Chairperson: Dr. Malcolm Morrison Director, Division of Disability, Social Security Administration (USA)
Co-chairperson: Prof. Monroe Berkowitz Bureau of Economic Research, Rutgers University (USA)
International Exchange of Experts and Information in Rehabilitation
Chairperson: Ms. Diane Woods World Rehabilitation Fund (USA)
Workshop of the Medical Commission: Ability-Disability Evaluation
Chairperson: Dr. Gunnar Schioler Chief Physician, The National Health Board (Denmark)
Personal Assistance Services as the Key to Independent Living
Chairperson: Dr. Adolf Ratzka Research Economist, Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden)
Bringing Order to the Marketplace: The Example of Wheelchairs
Chairperson: Dr. Han Emanuel Secretary, Foundation for International Studies on Social Security (The Netherlands)


In view of the interest of participants from overseas in scientific technology in Japan, an Exhibition of Rehabilitation Technology was held under the theme of "New Technology and the Disabled."

The opening ceremony was held on Monday, September 5. Using a range of equipment and display panels, the exhibition showed how the latest electronics had been applied to modern rehabilitation equipment. Also, this exhibition considered the future direction, progress and potential of such specialized technology.

The exhibition was basically divided into three sections:

The first section explained the systems by which Japan's rehabilitation-related research organizations conduct research concerning welfare equipment. Also, welfare-related technology that is either under development or actually in use was displayed.

The second section comprised of communication technology. There are a considerable number of cases whereby people have communication problems due to the nature of their disability, or they are forced to use telecommunications because of a lack of accessible transportation. Innovative electronic technology in this field has made communication possible, and is expected to continue making great inroads in the future. A certain amount of this type of equipment was on view.

The third area showed a section of a model house which had been specially designed to allow a severely disabled person to lead an independent life, through use of the latest welfare and labour-saving technology. The exhibition was open to the public for two days and the total amount of participants was over 1,500.


1. The Present Situation of Japanese Research & Development Systems

Research & development systems of technical aids for the disabled in Japan, its present state and future prospects, were introduced to participants from overseas.

National Vocational Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled
A large-print microcomputer display system for people with poor vision - "PC-WIDE"
National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled
Word Processor for the visually disabled
High speed typewriter communication aid for the auditory disabled
Neitz vision scanner
Ministry of International Trade and Industry
Agency of Industrial Science and Technology
Book reader for the blind
Automatic lifting system for disabled people
Automatic body temperature adjuster
Middle ear implant
Voice and speech training device
Three-dimensional working chair

2. New Communication Technology

The application possibilities for today's advancing communication technology to the rehabilitation field was the main theme of this section.

Network Information Forum Corporation
Personal-computer communication service "NIFTYSERVE" "COMPUSERVE"
The Tokyo Metropolitan Welfare Information Center
Social welfare information service system in the Tokyo Metropolis (personal-computer)
NEC Corporation
Guide system for the visually disabled (HAMMYO) "Michishirube"
Japanese braille word processor and personal computer
NEC stationary display TV telephone
Ohteru Laboratory Department of Applied Physics, Waseda University
Automatic printed-music-to-braille translation system

3. Independent Living For Severely Disabled People

A model house was built to show how the severely disabled can use various types of advanced technological equipment to live independently.

Sun Wave Industrial Co., Ltd.
Care-kitchen unit "KE-A"
Toto Ltd.
Washbasin, bathtub, toilet stool
Paramount Bed Co., Ltd.
Motorized patient control catch bed
Matsushita Electrical Industrial Co., Ltd.
The High Amenity Life System (HALS)
Auto call system, camera doorphone, TV set, air conditioner, refrigerator, telephone
Meiden Kosan Co., Ltd.
Automatic lifting system for the elderly
Ueyama Co., Ltd.
Bath mat

Participants Surveyed

1. Number Responding

Japan 174
Overseas 98
Asia 32
Europe 29
Northern America 8
Oceania 7
Central and South America 6
Africa 4
Middle East 3
Others 9
Total 272

2. Breakdown by Professional Field

2. Breakdown by Professional Field

3. Breakdown Showing Participants Specific Interests

3. Breakdown Showing Participants Specific Interests

4. Comments Regarding Exhibitions

4. Comments Regarding Exhibitions


A Film Festival is held every four years, on the occasion of the World Congress of Rehabilitation International. Excellent films are shown concerning rehabilitation from all over the world.

The competition for the Festival was open to 16mm and video format films. These had to be related to the prevention of disability, rehabilitation and the equalization of opportunities. Categories were divided into:

  1. Documentary;
  2. Dramatization;
  3. Public Service Announcements/Commercials;
  4. Professional/Clinical Productions;
  5. Children's Programming.

Sixty-one films were received from seventeen countries. These were screened by an International Jury on the 25th and 26th April, 1988, at RI Headquarters in New York.

Throughout the Film Festival, the ten prize-winning films chosen by the panel were shown. Also viewed were reference films and those of special interest. The Festival gained increasing popularity throughout the week, and many of the films were so popular that there was "standing room only". There were many enquiries about films shown.

A Social Welfare Film Festival was staged at the Asahi Hall, Tokyo, on the 3rd and 4th September, prior to the Film Festival itself. The Grand Prize-Winning Film was shown, and other films related to people with disabilities.

List of Films

Title Country Year Video/16mm Time
[The Grand Prize]
"Jeffrey Tate; Let's Take That Infernal Risk!"
UK 1987 Video 65min.
First Prize:
"Kids Like These"
USA 1987 Video 120min.
Second Prize:
"Born to Live"
Hong Kong 1984 Video 95 min.
First Prize:
"Jeffrey Tate; Let's Take That Infernal Risk!"
UK 1987 Video 65 min.
Second Prize:
"The Access Games"
Australia 1987 Video 27 min.
Third Prize:
"Skin - Deep"
Netherlands 1985 Video 47 min.
[Children's Programming]
First Prize:
"Emma and Bobbo"
Sweden 1987 Video 74 min.
Second Prize:
"The Dance of Fireflies"
Japan 1984 16mm 45 min.
First Prize:
"It's So Easy"
Australia 1987 Video 19 min.
[Public Service Announcements]
First Prize:
"Deaf- people"
Netherlands 1985 Video 60 sec.
Second Prize:
Netherlands 1987 Video 30 sec.
[Films from Developing Countries]
Zimbabwe 1986-7 Video 120 min.
"Determination" Kuwait Video 30 min.
"The World at His Fingertips"
USA 16mm 29 min.
"Deaf- Culture is Something Different" Sweden Video 30 min.
"What did the Wasp Say?" Sweden Video 22 min.
"Handicupiture-(Handicapbillender)" Denmark Video 40 min.
"Dancing in the Wheelchair" Estonia USSR Video 35 min.
"The Winners" Finland Video 26 min.
"Senseless World" Austria Video 31 min.
"Working Lives of the Retarded" Japan 16mm 40 min.
"Hiro, Walk Tall (Part 3)" Japan 16mm 30 min.
"Volunteer Work; Light and Easy" Japan Video 2 min.
"Water's Friends" Japan 16mm 37 min.
"Brachial Plexus Injuries of Root Avulsion Type" Japan 16mm 27 min.
"Rehabilitation of Disabled Persons in Japan" Japan 16mm 20 min.
"Starting" Japan Video 32 min.
"Rehabilitation of the Retarded in Japan" Japan 16mm 30 min.
"Employment of the Disabled in Japan" Japan 16mm 20 min.


The Arts & Performance was held in the multi-purpose hall throughout the Congress. There was a selection of fine arts and crafts on display - such as weaving, sculputure and paintings - which were all created by disabled people. Unique Japanese folkcraft, such as plaiting and Saori Weaving, was also demonstrated.
On the 6th September there were performances from a wide variety of groups listed below. It was heartwarming to see the performers and audience participating together.

Performance/Exhibitor Descriptions


Shinjuku '88 A musical performance by people with disabilities
Nagasaki Rehabilitation House
Kyogen (a kind of Noh Play "Kinoko Yamabushi") using puppets by people with disabilities
Japanese Dancing Takasaki Style
Japanese dancing and Kabuki play by people with disabilities who use Japanese dancing for rehabilitation
Hibiscus Room Musical variety show "Welcome to Japan" by hearing impaired persons and their families
Saori Hiroba A fashion show by people with mental retardation who both designed at the presentation and wore their own creations
Tokyo Music Volunteer Association
A Lecture on "Music Therapy: Theories and Practice" by Mrs. Joann Robin, Music Therapist, RMTBC. Assisted in her demonstration by people with disabilities.


The Japanese National Council of Toy Libraries
A toy exhibition for children with mentally and physically disabilities
Foundation for Handicapped Children,Thailand
Photo exhibition of handicapped children
Association for the Welfare of the Mentally and Physically Handicapped
Exhibition of works such as pottery made by severely mentally disabled people from the "Nozominosono" National Colony
Kosai Gakuen for MR, Kanagawa
Exhibition of works such as wood carving and pottery made by mentally retarded children and adults
Shokaen Mizunoki Ryo, Kyoto
Masterpieces painted by people with mental retardation
Kuwanoki-en, Shimane
Traditional paper work crafts such as kaguramen mask made by people from a rehabilitation facility for mentally retarded people
Happy Family, Tokyo
An exhibition and demonstration of wood carvings, plaiting etc. by people with physically disabilities from a small workshop started by their parents
Saori Hiroba
Exhibition and demonstration of "Saori Weaving", Hand-woven textiles by people with mental disabilities
The Group to Study Tools, Equipment and Environment of the Disabled
Development and exhibition of tools for disabled people to use in daily life by "Deku Kobo" etc.
TOM Gallery of Touch-me Art
Demonstration of tactile art co-produced by Pompideu Center in Paris and Gallery TOM


On Wednesday, September 7 Facility Visits were held and 400 people including accompanying persons participated in the program. This program allowed Congress participants from foreign countries to visit various kinds of facilities for disabled people, private enterprises which employ disabled people and educational facilities; to understand more deeply the system of welfare, employment and education of disabled people in Japan.
The participants selected one of the following 12 options and visited 2 or 3 facilities each.

A. Visual Impairment & International Exhibition
Place: Japan Braille Library
Japan Vocational Development Center for the Blind, Inc.
International Home Care & Rehabilitation Exhibition '88
Number of Participants: 19
B. Hearing Impairmant & International Exhibition
Place: University of Tsukuba, School for the Deaf
International Home Care & Rehabilitation Exhibition '88
Number of Participants: 17
C. Psychiatric Disability
Place: Tokyo Metropolitan Comprehensive Mental Health Center of Central District
Asayake Second (No.2) Workshop
Emergency Relief Institution Akatsuki
Number of Participants: 17
D. Employment
Place: Nihon Rikagaku Industries, Co., Ltd.
Tokyo Business Service Co., Ltd.
Number of Participants: 36
E. Leprosy
Place: National Sanatorium Tama-Zensho-en
Number of Participants: 12
F. Geriatric Rehabilitation
Place: Itabashi Nursing Home
Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital
Number of Participants: 13
G. Comprehensive Rehabilitation Center for Various Types of Disability
Place: Kanagawa Rehabilitation Center
Number of Participants: 82
H. Physically Disabled Children & International Exhibition
Place: National Center for Disabled Children
University of Tsukuba, School for the Physically Handicapped at Kirigaoka
International Home Care & Rehabilitation Exhibition '88
Number of Participants: 40
I. Vocational Training and Employment
Place: Tokyo Data Systems Co., Ltd.
Tokyo Vocational Training Center for the Handicapped
Number of Participants: 63
J. Nursing Care and Work Activity Center for the Severely Disabled
Place: Shimada Rehabilitation Hospital for the Severely Handicapped
Tsukushi Work Activity Center
Number of Participants: 12
K. Comprehensive Rehabilitation Services from Medical to Vocational
Place: National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled
National Vocational Rehabilitation Center
Number of Participants: 52
L. Adapted Housing for the Disabled & International Exhibition
Place: Tokyo Metropolitan Rehabilitation Center for the Physically and Mentally Handicapped
International Home Care & Rehabilitation Exhibition '88
Number of Participants: 45


To welcome the participants to the Congress, a reception was held as follows. This was sponsored by the Organizing Committee.

Date: Monday, September 5 18:30 - 20:00
Place: Room Concord, Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel
Program: Greetings
- His Excellency, the Minister of Health and Welfare
- His Excellency, the Minister of Labour
- Immediate Past President of Rehabilitation International
"Shishimai (lion dance)" performed by Kyoto Rosha Gekidan "Hibiki" (Kyoto Theater of the Deaf).


To enhance mutual friendship of the participants, and to introduce Japanese traditional acts and songs, a Japan Night was held, sponsored by the Organizing Committee. The number of participants in this program was 510.

Date: Thursday, September 8 18:30 - 21:30
Place: Room Eminence and Room Concord, Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel
Programs: Mistress of Ceremonies Ms. Tomoko Matsushima
Greetings Mr. Hajime Ogawa (Chairman, Social & Events Committee)
"Suminuri (Black Crocodile Tears)" Nihon Rosha Gekidan (Japanese
- Kyogen using sign language Theater of the Deaf)
Mr. Akihiro Yonaiyama
Mr. Yoichi Yoneda
Mr. Seiichiro Takahashi
Mr. Ukon Miyake
Mr. Shiro Morifuji
Mr. Masayoshi Kawaji
"Bo Shibari (Tied to a Stick)" Mr. Mannojo Nomura
- Kyogen Mr. Ukon Miyake
Mr. Kosuke Nomura
Mr. Ryosuke Nomura
Koto Music The Minbunren Folk Art Association
Song & Dance Bonny Jacks/Ms. Tomoko Matsushima
Hiroyuki Nakaya & His Quartet


This program was open to accompanying persons of overseas Congress participants to learn a little about Japanese culture, with the wholehearted cooperation of Himawarikai (President: Mrs. Eiko Yamaguchi).

On Thursday, September 8, participants left Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel for the Imperial Palace and then visited Mitsukoshi Department Store to see the 90th Anniversary Exhibition of the Japan Art Academy etc. They enjoyed Japanese lunch in Chinzanso.


Sight-seeing tour for overseas participants was arranged by Japan Travel Bureau. Tail-lifting bus service was operated for wheelchair users.


The 16th World Congress of Rehabilitation International was held from 5 to 9 September, 1988 at the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel in Tokyo. The first Rehabilitation International World Congress ever held in Asia atttracted more than 2,800 participants from 93 countries and areas.

Fourteen Pre/Post-Congress Seminars were organized before and after the Congress in many cities in Japan. During the Congress several activities were organized in and around Tokyo such as International Home Care & Rehabilitation Exhibition '88, Rehabilitation Film Festival and Exhibition of Arts for Visually Disabled People.

- Tokyo was selected as the site of the 16th Congress -

The World Congress has been the most important activity of Rehabilitation International since the first Congress was organized in 1929 in Geneva. However, with the exceptions of 12th Congress in Sydney and 13th in Tel Aviv, the Congress gathered in Europe and America. The RI Regional Committee for Asia and the Pacific, which has the longest history among the Regions of RI, has long desired to organize the World Congress in the Region. The Japanese Society for Rehabilitation of the Disabled and people concerned with disability rehabilitation in Japan, who could develop rehabilitation services with great help of developed countries, in 30 years after the World War II, were also very eager in inviting the World Congress.

The site of the 16th World Congress was decided to be Tokyo at the RI Assembly meeting in Washington, D.C. in October 1983. Since then the Organizing Committee has been formed and preparations for the 16th Congress was started. The Memorandum of Agreement for the Organization of the 16th World Congress of Rehabilitation International was signed by the President of RI and President of the Organizing Committee in March 1985.

- The Main Theme of the Congress -

The Main Theme of the Congress, "Realistic Approaches - Looking Ahead Towards Comprehensive Rehabilitation" was officially approved and the Scientific Program was organized under this main theme in order to discuss the future of comprehensive rehabilitation as well as to find realistic approaches based upon realities and status quo of each country.

- Government Support -

The Japanese Government recognized the importance of the Congress, which was expected to contribute greatly to the welfare of disabled persons nationally and internationally, and decided to support the organization of the Congress. The Organizing Committee obtained support and cooperation from various Governmental Agencies.


1. At the Rehabilitation International Assembly Meeting in Washington, D.C. in October 1983, it was decided that the 16th World Congress of Rehabilitation International would be held in Tokyo, Japan.

2. The Organizing Committee was first convened in January 1984.

3. The 15th World Congress of Rehabilitation International was held in Lisbon, in June 1984.

4. The Memorandum of Agreement for the Organization of the 16th World Congress of Rehabilitation International was signed by RI President, Dkfm. Otto Geiecker, and President of the Japanese Society for Rehabilitation of the Disabled, Mr. Hirokuni Dazai, in Tokyo in March 1985.

5. The Organizing Committee was reorganized in June 1986.

6. In August 1987, the Japanese Government officially recognized the importance of the 16th World Congress of Rehabilitation International. With this recognition the Organizing Committee were able to obtain the cooperation of governmental agencies.

7. In October 1987, an official Ministry of Finance Notification was issued to grant tax exemption on donations for the Congress.

8. The RI Assembly, Executive Committee and Regional Committee meetings were held in Tokyo from 1-4 September, 1988.

9. The 16th World Congress of Rehabilitation International was held from 5-9 September, 1988.


The Organizing Committee was convened in January 1984. Till the opening of the Congress each committee had the following number of meetings to prepare for the Congress:

Fund Raising & Financial Committee 7
Planning Committee 14
Access Committee 9
Program Committee 12
Accommodation & Registration Committee 9
Ceremony & Events Committee 9
Public Relations Committee 11
Exhibition Committee 17

The Secretariat was formed just after the RI Assembly agreed to Tokyo as the site for the 16th World Congress. In addition to all the staff of the Japanese Society for Rehabilitation of the Disabled, many agencies offered helpers to assist in Congress Preparations. The following agencies very kindly offered some of their staff both before and during the Congress:

The Ministry of Health and Welfare
The Ministry of Labour
The National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled (NRCD)
The Japan Association for Employment of the Disabled (JAED)
The National Vocational Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled (NVRCD)
The Tokyo Welfare Center for the Physically and Mentally Disabled
The National Council on Social Welfare (NCSW)
The Social Welfare & Medical Care Corporation
The Japan Food Aid Association for Child Welfare

Finance The total overall cost of the Congress was estimated to be over ¥400,000,000. This exceeds the expected revenue from registration fees by a great deal. In four years of fund-raising, we received grants and donations from many sectors which helped us immensely. The following is a list of main agencies and organizations from which we received donations:

  • The Japanese Government; the Tokyo Metropolitan Government; the Japan Motorcycle Racing Organization; the Federation of Economic Organizations; the Consumer Livelihood Cooperative Association; Private Aid Organizations; the Rotary Foundation and Rotary Clubs; Labour Organizations; Organizations of Disabled People, and many other private companies and organizations.

Program The Congress program is prepared by the Secretary General of Rehabilitation International in consultation with related organizations. The Program Committee sent questionnaires throughout the nation and the world concerning possible Congress program issues. Consequently, a main draft of the Congress's main Theme and Program were drawn up, with the agreement of the Secretary General. The RI Assembly, held in London in October 1987, then ratified the Program officially.

A Japanese Session Coordinator was appointed for each session and took responsibility for selecting one Japanese speaker for each session, the Session's organization, and acting as co-chair of the session during the Congress.

As this was the first RI World Congress to be held in Asia, the Organizing Committee was particularly concerned to stress issues crucial to the region. Leprosy was one particular issue, and the Sasagawa Memorial Health Foundation supported the organization of the Leprosy Session both technically and financially.

Poster Sessions were staged for the first time in the Congress. This offered many participants an opportunity to present a thesis during the Congress. Also all participants could enjoy these presentations between other sessions. Further, these were greatly appreciated by those who have a little difficulty in catching spoken English, because the posters offered them plenty of time to read and take in graphs, photos and also to converse with the authors to some extent.

Ceremonies and Events The following particular ceremonies and events were planned: the Opening and Closing Ceremonies; Welcome Reception; Japan Night; Facility Visits and Accompanying Person's Program.

Congress Site and Accommodation The Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel was selected as the Congress Site, from several possible convention sites in and around Tokyo. The Plaza's accessibility and willingness to accept disabled people proved to be most important factors in this choice.

Several nearby hotels were listed, ranging from economical to rather expensive, and participants given details about them. Since not all hotels were accessible, the Organizing Committee requested wheelchair users to stay at either the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel or the Toyama Sunrise Center. Although the Committee booked several accessible rooms at the Tokyo Hilton Hotel and the Tokyo Sports Center for the Disabled, these were not used.

Registration When preparations first began, the Congress registration fee was set at about ¥70,000. At that time, this was wquivalent to U.S.$350, the registration fee for the 15th World Congress in Lisbon. However, the Yen's value continued to rise rapidly and revision was unavoidable. Finally, ¥50,000 was approved by the RI Assembly in London in 1987 with the condition that if the Yen increased even more, the registration fee should be set at the equivalent of US$350.

The registration fee for an accompanying person was ¥40,000 and a severely disabled person's attendant was exempted from registration fee.

The Training of Volunteers, to assist disabled people and to act as interpreters, was started from April 1988 with the assistance of the Japanese Red Cross Society. A trainning course for interpreters of American Sign Language was also organized.

Public Relations A variety of activities took place to create wider publicity, promote participation in the World Congress and also develop public interest in both the Congress and wider issues of disability. The Congress symbol was designed by Mr. Aisaku Murakoshi, a famous designer. Several Newsletters and Circulars were distributed nationally and internationally. A press conference and information seminar for embassies were both organized, and promotional materials were distributed at other conferences and meetings. The following materials were prepared:

Japanese English
1983 Promotional Pamphlet: "Invitation to Tokyo"
16mm Film: "Rehabilitation in Japan"
1984 Preliminary Circular
1985 Congress Symbol designed
Outline of the Congress
Congress Symbol sticker
The First Circular*
1986 The First Circular
Revised Outline of the Congress
The First Newsletter
RECAP No.2 & 3
Access Guide: "Konnichiwa Tokyo"
1987 The Second Circular
The Second Newsletter
The Second Circular
The First Newsletter
RECAP No.4 & 5
1988 "Rehabilitation in Japan"
"Rehabilitation in Asia"
"Rehabilitation in Japan"
"Rehabilitation in Asia"
The Second Newsletter
RECAP No.6 & 7

* Chinese, French and Spanish versions of the First Circular were also prepared.

An Access Committee was specifically set up to cope with the access problems disabled Participants might meet after arriving in Japan or at the Congress site. The following areas were considered:

Congress site and accommodation - With their great cooperation and assistance, a detailed survey was taken of the accessibility situation around and within the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel. Consequently, fifteen rooms were remodeled for the use of wheelchair users. Entrance halls and restaurants were also slightly remodeled, temporary toilets were installed and hotel employees received training in how to assist disabled people.

The New Tokyo International Airport & other transportation - The New Tokyo International Airport in Narita is inconvenient for anyone, irrelevant of disability! After several surveys and meetings with Ministry of Transport, New Tokyo International Airport Corporation, Tokyo Airport Limousine and Airlines officials, special arrangements were made for disabled persons to go through customs clearance smoothly even when the airport was awfully crowded. Although it was not possible to be made ready in time for the Congress, an elevator is to be set up in near future to assist wheelchair users.
The Access Committee had meetings with other transportation agencies, such as Japan Railways and other private railway Companies, Shinjuku Station and Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Corporation representatives, concerning accessibility for disabled persons both during and after the Congress.

Shinjuku Guide - The Committee undertook a survey of accessible areas around the Shinjuku Area and made a "Shinjuku Guide Map" for participants.

Commemorative Stamps and Commemorative Public Lottery Tickets were issued by the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, respectively.

A Film on the 16th World Congress of Rehabilitation International was produced in Japanese.


Registration and Information Services

1. From the 3rd September, participants were able to come to the Registration Desk established in the Grace Lobby area of the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel. Registration fees were collected and Congress documents distributed by ICS staff. Besides registrations for participants and accompanying persons, one-day registrations were also accepted.

2. A General Information Desk and Travel Information Desk were set up in the Grace Lobby also. Information Boards and Message Boards were installed on the 3rd and 4th floors for participant's use.

3. Shinjuku Post Office opened a temporary office in the Grace Lobby.

Operation of Congress Programs

1. During the Congress, there occured many program changes in such as details of chairpersons and speakers. Any necessary adjustments were made by the Secretary General of RI and publicized through the "Daily News" bulletins and Information Boards. Japanese session coordinators assisted chairpersons to preside over sessions at the Congress.

2. Besides receiving copies of Abstracts when they registered, participants also received copies of Full Papers where possible. The papers received before the Congress had been reproduced beforehand. However, many speakers brought their papers with them...the Secretariat were sometimes busy far into the night preparing the next day's papers!

A printer was donated for free by the Ricoh Company, and staff of the NRCD and the NVRCD were in charge of this.

3. Also, for participants with hearing-impairment, Japanese sign-language interpretation was provided in all sessions. Information in both Japanese and English was shown by overhead projector, and American sign-language interpretation was provided in all plenary sessions and most of the sectoral sessions. The newly developed "Realtime Captioning" service in Japanese, was also shown during some of the plenary sessions, demonstrating the latest computer technology.

Documents were prepared in braille and cassette formats for participants with visual impairment. All chairpersons and coordinators were asked to present their sessions clearly. Cassettes of all sessions were on sale during the Congress.

Accessibility had been carefully arranged for each session. Ramps and lifts were installed where necessary.

The Organizing Committee would like to extend the greatest appreciation for their kind cooperation to:

  • The Tokyo Sign-language Interpreters' Association
  • The Culture and Information Center for Hearing Impaired People
  • The National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled (NRCD)
  • Mr. Carl Kirshner
  • Ms. Caroline Kirshner
  • Ms. Joy Heil
  • The Ohunkai Braille Center
  • The Japan Braille Library
  • The Tokyo Helen Keller Association
  • Taiho Electric Co.

Public Relations

1. A Press Room was opened and more than eighty news agencies and newspaper, radio and television companies, both national and international, visited the Congress site. The Congress was covered by all major newspapers and television channels in Japan.

2. A "Daily News" bulletin was published during the Congress in Japanese, English and in braille also. Writing, editing, English translation, braille and printing were shared by the Assistant Secretary General of RI, staff of JSRD, JAED, NRCD and volunteers. A braille translating system was provided by IBM.


1. Being located far from the center of Tokyo, accessible transportation to and from the New Tokyo International Airport had been one of the headaches of the Organizing Committee from the very beginning. Detailed information on transportation between the airport and central Tokyo was sent to disabled participants before the Congress, with questionnaires inquiring whether they needed specific assistance, such as transport with a tail-lift, etc.

From August 20 to September 2, accessible buses were sent to the airport to meet the participants as they arrived. On September 3 and 4, accessible buses shuttled between the Airport and Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel and Toyama Sunrise, at one to two hour intervals. During this time, secretarial staff and volunteers stayed at Narita Airport overnight to meet participants from 6:00 a.m. until midnight.

In Japan, in the first weekend of September the airport is very crowded as people are then returning from abroad after summer vacations. Nevertheless, Congress participants were generally able to get into the city without much difficulty, owing to the great assistance given to us by related agencies. Volunteer interpreters and attendants at the airport were from the Red Cross Language Volunteer Service and the Chiba Chapter of the Japanese Red Cross Society.

On September 9 and 10, accessible shuttle-buses took participants to the airport for their departure from Japan.

2. During the Congress, accessible shuttle buses operated from morning to night between the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel and the Toyama Sunrise Center.

3. Both non-accessible and accessible buses shuttled participants to the International Home Care & Rehabilitation Exhibition '88 at Hamamatsucho on 8 and 9 September. Sightseeing tours were operated by the JTB travel agency during the congress, and a bus with a tail-lift took participants on the Tokyo sightseeing tour.

4. Eleven coaches and six minibuses, all equipped with tail-lifts for wheelchair users, were provided by many facilities around the Tokyo area during the Congress. Bus services were operated by JAED and NRCD staff.


Hotel reservations were arranged for participants by the Japan Travel Bureau and their agents.

Disabled persons with some degree of mobility stayed at the Shinjuku Washington Hotel, and wheelchair users were at the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel and the Toyama Sunrise Center. Questionnaires had previously been sent to disabled participants, inquiring about particular accommodation needs. However, many people also arrived without informing us of their needs. Secretarial staff stayed at the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel, the Shinjuku Washington Hotel and the Toyama Sunrise Center to help disabled people. Japan Red Cross Language Service Volunteers and Boy Scouts also stayed at the Toyama Sunrise Center as attendants for severely disabled people.

The Waseda Hoshien Dormitory was reserved for participants who required lower-priced accommodation and the Seven City Hotel was used by staff.

Special Services for Disabled Participants

1. Since a large number of disabled participants were expected, the Access Committee prepared various specialized services for disabled participants. These were mostly provided free of charge, with just a few exceptions.

These included:

  1. Wheelchair repair services.
  2. Battery-charging service for users of electric wheelchairs.
  3. Wheelchair rental service.
  4. Tape-recorder rental service.
  5. Tieloop, T-type hearing aid and alarm-lamp rental for those with hearing impairments.
  6. On-site telefax and telephones for people with hearing difficulties.
  7. Shinjuku guide map.
  8. Attendant care and Interpretation in various languages.
  9. Sign language interpretation.
  10. Typing, wordprocessing, braille typing and copying.
  11. Tactile map.

2. A Hospitality Desk was opened in the Grace Room of the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel. The above mentioned services were arranged via this desk, along with various other requests and inquiries. Professional staff of the JAED manned the desk, and were assisted with professional advice where necessary by their colleagues from the Tokyo Metropolitan Welfare Center for the Physically and Mentally Disabled, and the Tokyo Council on Social Welfare. Volunteers acted as language and sign-language interpreters.

Participants requested information on such as which facilities to visit, where to find relevant written information, how to buy technical aids, advice regarding people with whom to exchange information and ideas, where to visit for sightseeing and shopping etc. Requests were also taken for volunteer attendants, interpreters for assistance with shopping and so on.

The desk staff cheerfully undertook to answer all requests and questions. Their sincere efforts were greatly appreciated.

Medical Care

A First Aid Room was open from September 4 to 9 in the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel and a doctor and two nurses from NRCD were stationed there. They stayed overnight at the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel in case of any emergency.

Volunteer nurses stayed at the Toyama Sunrise Center and worked under the direction of the above doctor in the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel.

The Tokyo Medical College Hospital in Shinjuku and the Narita Red Cross Hospital also offered their services for our participants.

Financial Assistance for Participants from Developing Countries

In order to increase the participation of delegates from developing countries, the Organizing Committee offered financial assistance to participants - particularly disabled people - from these areas. The selection of applicants was decided through the RI National Secretary of each country. The Committee also received recommendations from foreign embassies in Japan, the RI Headquarters, international organizations and the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In total, 131 people from 49 countries received assistance.

Funds for this were kindly donated by the Rotary Foundation and Rotary Clubs.


These organizations gave the following number of staff for the congress:

The National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled(NRCD) 70
The Japan Association for Employment of the Disabled(JAED) 26
The National Council on Social Welfare(NCSW) 51
The Social Welfare and Medical Care Corporation 14
The Tokyo Metropolitan Welfare Center for Mentally & Physically Disabled 7
The Ministry of Health and Welfare 10
Besides the above, there were also:
Volunteers 270
ICS Staff (Organization offering International Congress arrangements) 50
Employees of the Japanese Society for Rehabilitation of the Disabled 18

RI Headquarters

The President of RI, the Secretary General and other staff arrived in Tokyo on 26 August, and an RI Headquarters Office was opened in the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel. The Organizing Committee arranged suites for the President and Secretary General, for their official use.

Congress Secretariat

The Congress Secretariat took over the Katsura Room in the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel. They liaised with hotel staff, kept track of accounts, arranged staff meals and accommodation, received VIP's etc.


Many volunteers contributed to the success of the Congress. Besides the Red Cross Language Service Volunteers, volunteers also came from the Chiba Chapter of the Japanese Red Cross, the Boy Scouts, and many other volunteered individually. Their total number was 270.

They assisted in the following areas:

  1. At the Information and Registration Desks, particularly assisting those people with disabilities.
  2. At the Hospitality Desk, acting as interpreters. They contacted other sections; assisted participants to find various places or services offered during the Congress; acted as translaters; assisted disabled participants in their rooms and/or accompanied them when shopping. They also ran the equipment rental of the various items available.
  3. Volunteers were situated in the Grace Room, where they awaited requests for assistance. For such situations as the Opening Ceremony - where many people would need mobility assistance, etc. - they were at the site en masse. They went to help at the request of any other section. Their tasks included attendant care, typing, copying, interpretation, assisting people to get to hospital, guiding blind people, and the like.
  4. Interpretation services at the various Technical and Arts & Performance and Film Festival were all done by volunteers. They also assisted in much of the work involved in these events, such as receiving participants and explaining programs. They also assisted VIPs at the Official Reception and other occasions.
  5. Volunteers interpreted and assisted participants during the Facility Visits and the Accompanying Person's Program.
  6. All shuttle-buses were assigned volunteers. They were at the New Tokyo International Airport from early morning through to midnight. They greeted overseas participants and assisted disabled people as required.
  7. Volunteers provided attendant care to severely disabled people staying at the Toyama Sunrise Center.
  8. Volunteers were involved in the publication of the "Daily News" bulletins during the Congress.
  9. The RI Secretariat were based at the Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel from the 26th of September. Volunteers helped these staff with their many clerical and secretarial duties.
  10. Volunteers worked at the Rotary Fund Desk, the Press Room, the Printing Office and with the Congress Secretariat.

All volunteers had been previously assigned and then trained in their relevant tasks long before the Congress, allowing time for previous study and training in their particular work.


President Dkfm. Otto Geiecker
Past-President Dr. the Hon. Harry S. Y. Fang
Vice-President Mr. Ephraim Magagula, M. P.
Deputy Vice-President Mr. Tambo Camara
Arab Region:
Vice-President Dr. Munira Al-Gatami
Deputy Vice-President Sheikh Abdullah M. Al-Ghanim
Asia and the Pacific:
Vice-President Dr. Naoichi Tsuyama
Deputy Vice-President Mr. John W. Stott
Vice-President Dr. Gerard Leon
Deputy Vice-President The Hon. Philip Goldson
Vice-President Mr. John Bermingham
Deputy Vice-President Col. Joao Villalobos
Latin America:
Vice-President Dr. Alfonso Corredor
Deputy Vice-President Ms. Cristina Neira de Fonseca
North America:
Vice-President Mrs. Sandra Parrino
Deputy Vice-President Mr. Gordon Mansfield
Treasurer Mr. Fenmore R. Seton
Secretary General Mrs. Susan Hammerman


Chairperson Mr. Hirokuni Dazai
Members of Committee Mr. Takashi Katoh
Mr. Kunihiko Dosho
Mr. Yoshimi Takeuchi
Dr. Naoichi Tsuyama
Dkfm. Otto Geiecker
Dr. Harry S. Y. Fang
Mrs. Susan Hammerman


Congress President Mr. Hirokuni Dazai
Congress Vice-president Mr. Takashi Kato
Congress Vice-president Mr. Yoshimi Takeuchi
Chairperson of Organizing Committee Dr. Naoichi Tsuyama
Co-chairperson of Organizing Committee Mr. Hirotsugu Jitsumoto
Executive Director Dr. Satoshi Ueda



Number of Countries : 93
Number of Participants: 2807

Congress Participant Japan Overseas Total
Regular Participants 1020 768* 1788
Accompanying Persons 27 66 93
One Day Participants 321 5 326
Guests, Persons Concerned 500 100 600
Total 1868 939 2807

* Including participants receiving financial assistance.

Participants with Disability ... 300
Wheelchair users ... 150
Others ... 150 (Including persons with visual, hearing, orthopaedical and mental disabilities)

Grand Total Number of Participants in Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel including those visiting the Exhibition during open days ... Approximately 3500.

Breakdown of the Participants by Countries

Country No. of
Country No. of
Argentina 1 Kenya 8
Australia 18 Korea, Republic of 14
Austria 13 Kuwait 8
Bangladesh 3 Lao P.D.R. 2
Barbados 1 Lebanon 2
Belgium 4 Libya 3
Brazil 2 Macao 2
Bulgaria 2 Madagascar 2
Burma 2 Malawi 1
Cameroon 1 Malaysia 16
Canada 17 Mauritania 1
Central Africa 1 Mauritius 2
Chile 3 Mexico 1
China, People's Republic of 24 Morocco 1
Chinese Taipei 12 Nepal 7
Colombia 2 Netherlands 38
Congo 1 New Zealand 17
Costa Rica 1 Nicaragua 1
Cyprus 1 Nigeria 2
Czechoslovakia 3 Norway 10
Denmark 40 Oman, Sultanate of 2
Dominican Republic 2 Pakistan 15
Egypt 1 Panama 1
Ethiopia 2 Philippines 23
Federal Republic of Germany 65 Poland 3
Fiji 1 Portugal 7
Finland 47 Seychelles 2
France 6 Singapore 9
German Democratic Republic 2 Spain 9
Gabonese Republic 1 Sri Lanka 12
Gambia 1 Sudan 1
Greece 2 Swaziland 1
Guatemala 4 Sweden 31
Haiti 1 Switzerland 6
Honduras 1 Tanzania 2
Hong Kong 72 Thailand 24
Hungary 3 Turkey 3
Iceland 1 United Arab Emirates 1
India 28 United Kingdom 17
Indonesia 18 United States of America 63
Iran 14 USSR 6
Iraq 2 Western Samoa 2
Ireland 7 Yugoslavia 2
Israel 1 Zaire 1
Italy 6 Zambia 6
Jamaica 1 Zimbabwe 6
Japan 1,047 Total (Including
Accompanying Persons)


The congress materials in cloth bags were provided to regular participants and those in plastic bags were provided to accompanying persons and one day participants.

E: English, J: Japanese
From Overseas From Japan
One day
Congress Program E E J J J
List of Participants E E
Abstracts of Plenary Sessions E J J
Abstracts of Sectoral & Poster Sessions E E
Shinjuku Guide Map E E J J
"Rehabilitation in Japan" E J
"Rehabilitation in Asia and the Pacific" E J
Invitation Card to Reception E E E E
Travel Guidebook E E
Map of Tokyo E E
Brochures of RI E E
Long-Term Plan for Government
Measures for Disabled Persons
(Prime Minister's Office)
Ball-point pen/Propelling pencil
Notebook/Paper pad

Besides the above, various kinds of materials concerning with social welfare, movement of the disabled people and current rehabilitation in Japan such as "Social Welfare in Japan", "Rehabilitation in Tokyo", "Special Education in Japan" and "Directory of Japan Council for IYDP" were provided during the Congress.


1 ICTA Seminar '88
Date: September 1 (Thu.)
Site: National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled, Tokorozawa
Theme: Technical Aids and Information - Perspectives from Different Countries
No. of Participants: 100 (Including 20 from overseas)
2 Rehabilitation Engineering International Seminar (REIS '88)
Date: September 2 (Fri.) - 3 (Sat.)
Site: Yokohama Rehabilitation Center, Yokohama
Theme: Rehabilitation Engineering - Towards Independence of the Disabled Persons
No. of Participants: 130 (Including 10 from overseas)
3 International Symposium on Vocational Rehabilitation
Date: September 10 (Sat.)
Site: Yokohama Rehabilitation Center, Yokohama
Theme: Work Opportunities for People with Severe Disabilities
No. of Participants: 130 (Including 40 from overseas)
4 Seminar and Workshop on Building Non-Handicapping Environments in Developing Countries
Date: September 10 (Sat.)
Site: The Architectural Institute of Japan, Tokyo
Theme: Building Non-Handicapping Environments in Developing Countries
No. of Participants: 100
5 International Symposium "Beauty by Touch"
Date: September 10 (Sat.)
Site: Asahi Hall, Tokyo
Theme: Tactile Education and Formative Art Activities
No. of Participants: 600
6 Seminar of the Commission on Organization & Administration
Date: September 10 (Sat.)
Site: Keio Plaza Inter-Continental Hotel, Tokyo
Theme: The Position of Rehabilitation in Relation to Legislation, and the Significance of International Coordination of Public Relations for Rehabilitation
No. of Participants: 30 (Including 25 from overseas)
7 Post Congress Seminar on Mental Disability
Date: September 10 (Sat.)
Site: Comprehensive Mental Health Center of Central District, Tokyo
Theme: New York Fountain House
8 Seminar on Social Rehabilitation
Date: September 10 (Sat.) - 11 (Sun.)
Site: (Sat.) Tenryu Koseikai Rehabilitation and Care Center for the Disabled, Tenryu City
(Sun.) Hotel Concord, Hamamatsu
Theme: Independent Living of People with Disabilities
No. of Participants: 300
9 Post Congress Seminar, Medical Rehabilitation of Stroke Patient
Date: September 10 (Sat.) - 11 (Sun.)
Site: Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki
Theme: Medical Rehabilitation of Stroke Patients
No. of Participants: 100 (Including 10 from overseas)
10 Rehabilitation International Sapporo Symposium
Date: September 10 (Sat.) - 12 (Mon.)
Site: Hokkaido University Conference Hall, Sapporo
Theme: 1) Advancement of Rehabilitation Programs in Developing Regions
2) Rehabilitation for the Severely Disabled
No. of Participants: 150
11 International Seminar of Community Support System for Severely Disabled Persons
Date & Site: Tokyo September 11 (Sun.)
Nagoya September 13 (Tue.)
Osaka September 15 (Thu.)
Theme: Community Life of Severely Disabled Persons
No. of Participants: 650
12 4th Western Pacific Cerebral Palsy Association Meeting (WPCPA & M)
Date: September 11 (Sun.) - 13 (Tue.)
Site: Hotel Crescent, Akiu - Spa, Sendai
Theme: What Can We Do for Cerebral Palsied?
No. of Participants: 160 (Including 10 from overseas)
13 Post Congress Seminar - Shiga
Date: September 12 (Mon.) - 13 (Tue.)
Site: Otsu Municipal Auditorium, Otsu
Theme: Independent Living for Elderly People in Aging Society
No.of Participants: 800 (Including 3 from overseas)
14 Kanagawa Seminar Toward Independent Living of People with Disabilities '88
Date: September 17 (Sat.) - 18 (Sun.)
Site: Yokohama Health and Welfare Center, Yokohama
Theme: Looking for the Direction of Our Lives
- To Develop Inroads into the Long-term Plan of Action by Listening to and Learning from the Experiences of People with Disabilities
No. of Participants: 200


Acton, N. P-7 Faruqui, S P-4
Agrawal, A. K. SB-4 Fifield, B. SE-3
Albers, J. SD-1 Fifield, O. SE-3
Alqatami, M. SF-3 Floro, C. A. SA-2
Altman, B. M. SF-3 Fritsch, M. SD-3
Alur, M. SB-3 Fryers, T. P-3
Andersson, B. SF-5 Fukuda, M. SB-5
Angliss, V. E. SB-4 Gajendragadkar, S. N. SE-5
Arai, H. SB-5 Garner, T. G. SF-2
Bajpai, R. K. P-3 Garner, T. G. SF-2
Baker, J. SE-5 Garrison, J. R. SD-5
Baptista, H. SB-1 Geerdink, H. SD-1
Bas, D. SD-4 Geiecker, O. P-2
Becker, K. -P. SC-5 Goel, M. K. SB-4
Becker, K. -P. WS-1 Goh, J. C. H. SD-2
Belavadi, R. SA-5 Gokhale, S. D. SA-5
Bentzen, O. SD-2 Greiner, D. SA-4
Berkowitz, M. SC-3 Gursu-Hazarli, K. G. SC-5
Besson, R. SC-4 Hall, E. SF-3
Borjal, A. A. SD-4 Hammerman, S. P-7
Borjal, A. A. SE-1 Hanada, S. P-5
Bose, K. SD-2 Hartmann, H. SF-4
Brown, M. SB-2 Hartmann, K. SF-4
Busby, G. SA-4 Hatsuyama, Y. SA-4
Campbell, L. F. SE-4 Helander, E. SA-2
Cerella-Canellopoulos, M. SB-3 Helenius, H. SF-5
Carter-Jones, L. SA-1 Hermanova, H. SD-3
Cederstam, G. M. SF-5 Ho, F. S. W. SD-4
Chapman, J. T. SC-3 Hotchkiss, R. SD-2
Chaudhry, M. R. SE-2 Hughes, J. P-6
Chigier, E. SE-3 Hulek, A. SD-4
Chikuma, T. SD-1 Ikeda, T. SC-1
Chow, Y. SF-1 Imaoka, S. SE-1
Chow, Y. SF-1 Itayama, K. SC-3
Christensen, F. SF-1 Ito, T. SD-4
Contineli-Telmo, I. SB-2 Jagoda, B. P-4
Cyong, J. C. SB-5 Janzik, H. H. SE-4
Danes, M. SE-1 Jochheim, K. -A. SC-1
Dart, Jr., J. P-3 Jochheim, K. -A. SE-2
Day, H. I. SF-1 Jonsson, T. SB-2
Desai, H. J. M. SE-4 Juco, E. G. SB-1
Destounis, B. SC-5 Kanetsuki, T. WS-1
Duncan, B. SC-4 Karu, T. SD-2
El-Banna, M. A. A. SD-1 Kato, I. P-6
Engelhardt, K. G. SC-2 Kato, N. SF-2
Evans, J. SA-4 Katoh, T. P-4
Kawahara, H. SB-2 Miyazaki, K. SE-3
Kawai, Y. SF-4 Moreno, C. SB-2
Kelly, S. SB-2 Muraoka, T. SA-1
Kida, M. SE-5 Murata, N. SE-2
Kimura, T. SF-1 Muratani, M. SE-4
Koide, S. WS-1 Nagai, M. P-7
Kojima, Y. SF-3 Nagata, S. SD-1
Kolucki, B. SD-4 Nagayama, R. SB-5
Komkris, V. WS-1 Nakajima, A. SE-4
Kondo, I. SB-5 Nakatani, C. SA-5
Konkkola, K. SA-3 Nishijo, K. SB-5
Konkkola, K. SF-5 Niwa, S.I. P-4
Kosaka, I. SE-2 Ohe, K. P-2
Koster-Dreese, Y. SE-5 Okada, K. WS-1
Kristensen, K. SC-5 Okamoto, G.A. SB-2
Kurashima, W. SC-4 Okugawa, S. SD-3
Kurita, H. WS-1 Omar, Z. SE-3
Kuroki, Y. SC-5 Pardo de Tavera, M. SA-1
Lagerwall, T. SD-2 Pereira, L.F. P-4
Lam, S.F. SA-2 Pongpaew, J. SA-3
Larsson, G. SC-2 Prasad, L.N. SE-4
Lawrence, E.J. SB-1 Propst, R. SE-2
Lejeune, J. P-6 Pufang, D. P-5
Lewis, G.M. WS-1 Puig-Bellacasa, R. SC-4
Linden, L. SF-4 Rahman, M. WS-1
Lindstrom, J.-I. SC-4 Ramalingaswami, V. P-2
Low, W.Y. SE-3 Ransom, R.B. SD-1
Lukyianenko, A.M. P-5 Reyes, O.L. SB-2
MacDougall, J.C. SF-4 Reyes, T.M. SB-2
MacLeod, D. SC-5 Richardier, J.B. P-3
MacLeod, D. SF-4 Rohatgi, S. P-7
Magagula, E.S.F. SB-1 Rorlach, H.-J. SF-2
Malik, I.A. SD-5 Rosener, H.J. SF-1
Matinvesi, S. SF-5 Rost, S. SE-2
Matsui, I. SC-5 Rust, D. SC-3
Matsui, S. SE-4 Sabourin, R. SA-2
Matsumoto, S. SB-5 Saito, Y. SA-4
McAnaney, D.F. SC-1 Sawamura, S. SB-4
Medoki, H. SB-5 Scheid, E.M. SC-1
Mellgren, A. SB-3 Scherzer, E.B. SE-2
Mendis, P. SA-2 Schuchardt, E. SE-2
Menken, M.W.J. SC-3 Schultz, N. SF-5
Mertopuspito, S. P-4 Serra, T.S. SF-3
Miller, J.O. SB-2 Shirabe, K. SB-1
Misawa, G. SD-5 Shiraishi, K. SA-3
Mitsuno, Y. SD-2 Shrestha, I. SF-4
Mittler, P. WS-1 Skov-Jorgensen, I. SD-5
Miwa, K. SC-2 Smith, R.T. SF-3
Sokalski, H.J. P-5 Votava, J. SB-5
Stott, J.W. SE-1 Waal, J.K. SC-1
Stroebel, H. SC-2 Watanabe, H. SB-4
Suemitsu, S. SB-3 Wehrens, B. P-4
S., Sebastian SE-3 Wilson, J. P-3
Tablan, D. SE-1 Winter, M. SA-3
Tajima, M. SF-4 Wong, E. SD-3
Tanzawa, S. SB-5 Worthington, G.M. SE-3
Tanzawa, S. SB-5 Yabe, K. SF-1
Tazawa, E. SB-4 Yamada, F. SC-1
Thiel, W. SF-1 Yamashita, K. WS-1
Tiak, L.P. SA-1 Yashiro, E. P-3
Titiz, M.T. SA-1 Yasuda, H. SB-5
Tjandrakusuma, H. SA-2 Yasui, S. WS-1
Tugwell, I.F. SD-1 Yee, H. SB-2
Van Londen, J. P-5 Yusof, K. SE-3
Vikkonen, E. SA-1 Zhuo, D. SA-2

16th World Congress of Rehabilitation International No.15 P.637-P.682

The Organizing Committee of 16th World Congress of Rehabilitation International

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